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Tonalism 

Tonalism is a style characterised by dramatic lighting effects, often 'contre jour' (against the light). American artists George Inness and James McNeill Whistler were two of the leading exponents. The movement was active in the 1880's and 90's eventually to be eclipsed by Impressionism. The inspiration for Tonalism was the French Barbizon school which included Corot, Rousseau and Millet. Both movements emphasised the landscape as the primary subject.